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Important facts on Alexander invasion in India Indian History

1. Alexander was born in 356 B.C.
2. Alexander was the king of Macedonia in Greece.
3. After conquering Syria, Egypt and Persia, Alexander moved towards Kabul, from there he marched towards India through the Khyber Pass in 326 B.C.
4. Ambhi, the prince of Taxila surrendered to Alexander without fight.
5. Kingdom of Porus lay between the Jhelum and the Chenab rivers. King Porus provided a strong resistance to Alexander.
6. Battle of Hydaspeas took place between King Porus and Alexander in 326 B.C. King Porus used elephants against the Greek army.
7. But Greek soldiers were more skilled and stronger than their Indian counterpart. Thus, Alexander managed to defeat Porus in the battle of Hydaspeas.
8. Alexander was impressed with the courage of King Porus and treat him as a great warrior and gave him back his kingdom.
9. Porus was also known as Purushottama.
10. Greek soldiers were tired and did not want to move forward. Thus, due to the mutiny of his soldiers Alexander was forced to move back.
11. In 325 B.C. Alexander began his journey back to home.
12. Alexander died in Babylon in 324 B.C.
13. Alexander invasion paved the way for expansion of Mauryan empire in India.

Objective Questions on Alexander invasion in India:
1. Alexander was born in the year?
(a) 354 B.C.
(b) 355 B.C.
(c) 356 B.C.
(d) 357 B.C.

2. Alexander was the king of?
(a) Macedonia
(b) Persia
(c) Mesopotamia
(d) Egypt

3. Battle of Hydaspeas between King Porus and Alexander took place in the year?
(a) 325 B.C.
(b) 326 B.C.
(c) 327 B.C.
(d) 328 B.C.

4. Alexander died in Babylon in the year?
(a) 321 B.C.
(b) 322 B.C.
(c) 323 B.C.
(d) 324 B.C.

5. Who was ruling in the region between the Jhelum and the Chenab rivers?
(a) Ambhi
(b) Bimbisara
(c) Porus or Purushottama
(d) Mahapadmananda

6. What was the ambition of Alexander?
(a) To conquer the whole world
(b) To conquer Asia
(c) To plunder wealth
(d) To conquer India

Answers - 1(c), 2(a), 3(b), 4(d), 5(c) and 6(a).

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