Foundation Date: 24 October 1945

Headquarter: New York

Secretary-General of the United Nations: António Guterres

Member Countries: 193

Official Language:Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish

Flag:White UN Emblem (two bent olive branches open at the top and in between them in world map) on a light blue background.

Principal Organs:General Assembly, Security Council, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice and Economic and Social Council.

The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights. The United Nations was inaugurated on October 24, 1945. This date is celebrated every year as the United Nation Day.

The United Nation has four main purposes
1. To keep peace throughout the world;
2. To develop friendly relations among nations;
3. To help nations work together to improve the lives of poor people, to conquer hunger, disease and illiteracy, and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms;
4. To be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations to achieve these goals.

The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter.

The Charter of the United Nations provides for:
1. to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and.
2. to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small, and.
3. to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and.
4. to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom.